Throughout the African continent, climate and tradition allowed little clothes. The history and the procedure of cutting and raising scar tissue had been widespread, as tattooing wasn't effective on dark pigmented skins. Scarification is a irreversible technique meant to adorn and beatify one's body, and was viewed as artistic and had cultural significance.
The process required puncturing or cutting of symbols, designs and motifs into the upper layers of the skin. Various methods created different types of scars, a few subtle, others obvious. Ash and specific organic saps could be added to a wound to make the actual scarring more prominent.
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Scarifiction for Attractiveness
Scars are thought to enhance the body, and this process for beautification through scarification usually began in the course of earlier childhood days, especially for young African girls. The scarring occurs in the course of traditional rituals to celebrate the start of age of puberty, the first menstrual cycle and giving birth. Whilst there were reasons for the procedure of scarification, beauty is nearly always part of the goal.
Tattoo Scarification on the face
Scarification is also viewed as a test of braveness. Scarring is extremely painful, and requires great personal strength. To be able to get through the practice while not crying out in distress was a sign of ones strength and courage. To have done so would be humiliating.
The amount of scars on a person's body demonstrated ones courage and strength; the greater the scars a person had, the more honored he/she was within his or her group.
Tattoo Scarification for Fertility
Scarring is particularly valued in younger women of marriageable age group. Tummy scars are viewed as an indication of a female's willingness to have babies. According to African culture it's regarded as a very desirable quality in a future wife.The scars are likewise looked upon as erogenous, due to their tender nature. They are believed to help to make any female a lot more responsive to her husband's sexual attention.
Additional forms of ritual mutilation had and have, nothing to do with beauty and everything to do with the manipulation of woman. Mutilation of the sexual parts is even now used today in numerous nations. The pleasure of having intercourse is damaged and this is intended to keep the woman from being unfaithful.
Tattoo Scarification for tribal and family honour.
Scarring can also be a subject of family pride. The coming of age ceremony for a young man includes requesting his sisters to endure a ritual beating which results in their backs scarred and bloody. The marks will be viewed as symbols of affection and respect by the sisters to their brother. The girls put up with the ritual without showing their pain. This brings honor to the whole family.
Tattoo Scarification for Protection
Spirituality plays a crucial role in African culture, many Africans believe in the existence of spirits around them, good as well as wicked. Facial scarring damage is occasionally employed to help make a person less desirable for the spirit of Death. In this case, scarring is used as a means of protection.
Ancient Art of Tattoo Scarring
In keeping with Africa scarification background, scars were created in various ways, depending on their particular purpose. A number of slices were made with "Y" shaped blades, while others were produced by drawing the skin upwards with fish hooks and slicing the tissue with a sharpened blade.
Once the wounds were infected, they were further damaged through massaging them with ash and various other natural herbal treatments to ensure better scar tissue. The procedure prolonged the healing period and the result was a far better scar or tattoo.
Modern Day Scarification
Scarring might be age-old, but it's not one that is going out of fashion. Though scarification may be in not practiced as much as it used to be in Africa, numerous other people from around the globe have embraced the art. It appears that numerous types of body art or body mutilation, such as piercings and so on have taken hold.
The reason for scarification and tattoos in modern time tend to be pretty much the same as they have always been.
They are employed to decorate the body with exotic designs. Tattoos as well as scarring are also employed as a rite of passage and a test of inner strength. Once you have been through such unpleasant undertaking, you are more powerful in the face of normal life problems.
How is scarifiaction carried out?
In the old times ancient methods were used. Modern scarification happens in a well lit tattoo shops, using modern medical tools. The wounds are enhanced or "irritated" by putting hydrogen peroxide and/or petroleum jelly on to them, and the scabs are peeled away in order to help to make the healling process longer therefore making the scar more distinct.
African Tattoo and scarification and history of pictures of African Tattoos.
The earliest body image was found on a mummy of Amunet, a priestess associated with the Goddess Hathor, from 2160-1994 BC. The mummy's basic tattoos were parallel traces on her arms, legs, and an elliptical design underneath her navel. Interestingly, no male mummies found in Egypt had tattoos. Historians believe these patterns symbolized fertility and rejuvenation in females. In other parts of Africa, male mummies have been found to have tattoos or imagesbelieved to be related to sun worship.
In the tomb of Seti I, going back to 1300 BC, body art symbolizing Neith, a Brutal battle Goddess, have been discovered on men. The first recognized tattoo of a human being was discovered on Nubian female mummies, datingback to 400 BC. The tattoo picture showed the "God of Sex and overseer of orgies", Bes. Another type of earlier body ornamentation was 'cicatrisation' or "scarification". The term cicatrisation was derived from the French word, cicatrices, which means 'scar'. This form of body ornamentation was common among the darker-skinned people of Africa.
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